What is PSHE Education?

PSHE Education (Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education) is a planned programme of learning through which children and young people acquire the knowledge, understanding and skills they need to successfully manage their lives – now and in the future. As part of a whole-school approach, PSHE Education develops the qualities and attributes pupils need to thrive as individuals, family members and members of society.

What do schools have to teach in PSHE Education?

According to the National Curriculum, every school needs to have a broad and balanced curriculum that:

  • promotes the spiritual, moral, social, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils at the school;
  • prepares pupils at the school for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life;
  • promotes British values.

From September 2020, primary schools in England also need to teach Relationships and Health Education as compulsory subjects and the Department for Education strongly recommends this should also include age-appropriate Sex Education. Schools also have statutory responsibilities to safeguard their pupils (Keeping Children Safe in Education, DfE, 2019) and to uphold the Equality Act (2010).

At D’Eyncourt Primary School we offer the pupils a fantastic approach to PSHE through our Jigsaw scheme. Jigsaw offers a comprehensive Programme for Primary PSHE, including statutory Relationships and Health Education, in a spiral, progressive and fully planned scheme of work, giving children relevant learning experiences to help them navigate their world and to develop positive relationships with themselves and others.

With strong emphasis on emotional literacy, building resilience and nurturing mental and physical health. The Jigsaw scheme allows us to deliver engaging and relevant PSHE within a whole-school approach. Jigsaw lessons also include mindfulness allowing children to advance their emotional awareness, concentration and focus.

How Jigsaw works

Jigsaw consists of six half-term units of work (Puzzles), each containing six lessons (Pieces) covering each academic year. Every Piece has two Learning Intentions, one specific to Relationships and Health Education (PSHE) and the other designed to develop emotional literacy and social skills.

Puzzles are launched with a whole-school assembly containing an original song, with each year group studying the same unit at the same time (at their own level), building sequentially through the school year, facilitating whole-school learning themes.

The various teaching and learning activities are engaging and mindful of different learning styles and the need for differentiation.

Jigsaw’s Units of Work (Puzzles) are:

  1. Being Me in My World – This puzzle includes understanding my place in the class, school and global community as well as devising Learning Charters.
  2. Celebrating Difference – This puzzle includes anti-bullying (cyber and homophobic bullying included) and diversity work.
  3. Dreams and Goals – This puzzle includes goal setting, aspirations for yourself and the world and working together.
  4. Healthy Me – This puzzle includes drugs and alcohol education, self-esteem, and confidence as well as healthy lifestyle choices.
  5. Relationships – This puzzle includes understanding friendship, family and other relationships, conflict resolution and communication skills.
  6. Changing Me – This puzzle includes sex and relationships education in the context of coping positively with change. (includes age-appropriate sex education)

Key Vocabulary

Topics EYFS Years 1 and 2 (as EYFS plus…) Years 3 and 4

(as EYFS, Year 1 and 2 plus…)

Years 5 and 6

(as EYFS, Year 1/2/3/4 plus…)


Being Me in my World

  • Myself
  • Feelings
  • Being gentle
  • Rights
  • Responsibilities
  • Special
  • Safe
  • Community
  • Consequences
  • Rewards
  • Hope
  • Fear
  • Fair
  • Valuing Contributions
  • Choices
  •  Goals
  • Self-worth
  • Positivity
  • Challenges
  • Perspectives
  • Democracy
  • Motivation
  • Class Citizen
  • Voice
  • Peer pressure
  • Aspirations
  • National citizenship
  • Conflict
  • Vote
  • Participation
  • Global citizenship
  • Children’s Universal Rights
  • Group dynamics
  • Role-modelling
  • Anti-social behaviour

Celebrating Difference

  • Talents
  • Families
  • Home
  • Friends
  • Standing up for myself
  • Similarities
  • Differences
  • Bullying
  • Celebrating
  • Assumptions
  • Stereotypes
  • Gender
  • Gender diversity
  • Diverse families
  • Family conflict
  • Child-centred
  • Compliments
  • Witness
  • Solutions

  • Judgment
  • Appearance
  • Acceptance
  • Influences
  • Impressions
  • Cultural diversity
  • Racism
  • Rumours
  • Material wealth
  • Respecting culture
  • Perceptions of normality
  • Disability
  • Empathy
  • Inclusion
  • Exclusion

Dreams and Goals

  • Challenges
  • Perseverance
  • Jobs
  • Help
  • Success
  • Achievement
  • Learning styles
  • Overcoming obstacles
  • Realistic
  • Strengths
  • Cooperation
  • Contributing
  • Ambitions
  • Enthusiasm
  • Managing feelings
  • Budgeting
  • Disappointment
  • Overcoming
  • Resilience
  • Positive attitude
  • Financial success
  • Long-term
  • Charity
  • Success criteria
  • Recognition
  • Evaluating
 Healthy Me
  • Exercise
  • Healthy food
  • Physical activity
  • Sleep
  • Clean
  • Medicine
  • Medication
  • Road safety
  • Relaxation
  • Nutrition
  • Lifestyle
  • Food labelling
  • Healthy choices
  • Online safety
  • Offline safety
  • Healthy friendships
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Inner strength
  • Assertiveness
  • Vaping
  • Emergency aid
  • Body image
  • Relationships with food
  • Healthy choices
  • Personal responsibility
  • Substances
  • Exploitation
  • County Lines/Gangs
  • Managing stress

Download Key Vocabulary – PSHE

Cultural Capital

According to the national curriculum, cultural capital is the ‘essential knowledge that pupils need to be educated citizens, introducing them to the best that has been thought and said and helping to engender an appreciation of human creativity and achievement.’ (Ofsted School Inspection Handbook 2019). 

Cultural capital is at the heart of all our PSHE lessons at D’Eyncourt Primary School, helping our children navigate through the ever-changing world around them. Citizenship at school, community and global levels are a vital part of our PSHE lessons, providing knowledge and skill development for all children. 

Through an extensive range of educational visits, visitors and themed days and events, we build on cultural capital, providing our pupils with the knowledge and exposure to experiences that they may otherwise not have had. In turn, this knowledge will equip and prepare our pupils to become active and successful members of society. 

Cultural capital can be seen through the units taught, including; ‘Celebrating difference’, ‘Relationships’, ‘Dreams and Goals’ and ‘Healthy Me’, that are taught in every year group. 

Protected Characteristics

D’Eyncourt Primary School is an inclusive school where all are welcome. We celebrate diversity and champion equality. Our School Community and everybody who enters our school is to behave in a way which respects the protected characteristics of the Equality Act 2010.



We recognise the four prohibited behaviours under the Equality Act 2010 – to protect people from direct discrimination, indirect discrimination, harassment and victimisation.  No form of discrimination is tolerated at D’Eyncourt Primary School and our pupils show respect for those who share the protected characteristics.

We do not teach about all the protected characteristics in every year group. The curriculum is planned and delivered so that our pupils develop age appropriate knowledge and understanding during their time at D’Eyncourt Primary School.

JIGSAW policy for Protected Characteristics and Lesson Overview:

Protected Characteristics – Ofsted and Jigsaw

Equality Policy:

Equality Policy


Useful Links and Websites

National Curriculum PSHE Programmes of Study

Guidance about teaching personal, social, health and economic (PSHE) education in England.

PSHE and Citizenship – BBC Bitesize 

PSHE websites for 4-11 year old students, including games and activities and resources for teachers and parents. 

Own It – A place to help you boss your life online – Own It – BBC 

Test your internet safety knowledge with Hacker, listen to some Stay Safe songs with Helen Skelton, News Kids On the Block and Bobby Lockwood and get some tips from the Horrible Histories gang. 

Looking for Kidsmart? – Childnet 

Learn about the internet and being a SMART surfer; plus lots of good sites for children. 

Home – My Safety Net 

A guide for parents about PSHE and supporting your child. 

A mental health charity for children and young people.